The entry is possible for German nationals and other EU citizens with a passport. If the stay is less than six months – regardless of the purpose of stay (tourist, business) – no visa is required.
The entry with an ID card is not possible. Excluded from this are still valid Children's ID according to the old pattern (the child's passport is no longer issued since 1 January 2006).
In addition, children's entries in a parent’s passport are since 26 June 2012 no longer valid. Every child needs a separate identity document (child's passport with photo).
Upon entry you must document that you have sufficient funds to defray the cost of your stay for yourself and possibly also for dependents. Furthermore, it must be documented that the return is secured (e.g. by presenting a return ticket).
Canada is open to immigrants but it distinguishes persons after "Skilled Worker Class Immigration", "Business Immigration" and "Family Class Immigration".
If you want to immigrate, you will be initially evaluated at a Canadian embassy after a nine-factor system that is complete with the highest possible score.
The test distinguishes hereby between different groups of people. So it is possible to meet the requirements for professional qualifications and an existing job commitment on the "Skilled Worker Class Immigration", or to strive for the "Business Immigration" as a company founder with proven equity.
If you already have family members in Canada, you can strike over a family togetherness "Family Class Immigration".
Canada has a good, state-funded healthcare system, the insurance benefits Canadian citizens and foreigners with "Permanent Residence" status (i.e. foreigners with approved immigration application). Those who live temporarily in Canada must get health insurance privately, i.e. for temporary stays or for the first time in Canada, the signing of a foreign health insurance in Germany or in your home country is recommended.
The Canadian school system is dominated by public agencies, i.e. around 90% of all students attend a public school in the immediate neighborhood of their place of residence, as the area belonging decide on the school affiliation.
The school begins, unlike in Germany, already with 5 years old and a kindergarten preschool ("pre-elementary"), so that students of the first class already have reading and writing skills. For the transport from the residence to the school families use school buses everywhere.
All Canadian schools are all-day schools that are aligned on the well-known concept from the United States from elementary school, high school and then university. The study at a Canadian university is chargeable. The level of tuition fees depends on the university and the chosen field of study. It can be favored by support programs from the universities and borrowing by students from less affluent families.
The Canadian tax system provides for a division in state and local taxes, which are payable individually. For all of Canada, the following list of the progressive income tax is applied, which is graded to be paid according to the income. Analogously to the German tax system, a percentage payroll tax increases only after overcoming the income threshold to the next tax step, i.e. for example, $ 44,000 would be incurred the next highest tax rate of 22% only on the difference of $ 47, the first $ 43.953 would be taxed at 15%.
For the year 2014, the following uniform federal state tax rates are provided:
The Province of Nova Scotia applies in addition the following taxes at the regional level:
The cost of living is comparable to the sum of those of a Western European country; however, the costs are distributed to other priorities. The general comparability is further complicated by a very regional cost structure.
In sum: groceries are more expensive than in Europe (especially in comparison to Germany), living expenses such as electricity, water, gasoline are however cheaper.
A very interesting juxtaposition in the context of "best quality of life in Canada" was recently published by moneysense.ca. It was calculated on the basis of household income and the duration until the pay off of the purchased house. The mortgage repayment of a house in Vancouver is estimated in approximately 12 years. In comparison to Europe it is a very short time. That is why the region of Nova Scotia is truly gorgeous. A family with a typical local household net income of about 62,000 Canadian dollars can completely pay off the own house mathematically in much less than three years.
A detailed overview can be found here: https://www.moneysense.ca/canadas-best-places-to-live-2014-full-ranking